Pelvic Inflammatory Disease- (PID)

What is PID?

PID is an inflammation of the upper reproductive system in females often caused by STDs or other vaginal infections that have been left untreated. PID can affect the ovaries, fallopian tubes and/or uterus and if left untreated, may lead to permanent damage or problems with fertility. PID is not an issue in males.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Symptoms may be mild or no symptoms at all
  • Pelvic pain
  • Irregular bleeding between periods
  • Pain or bleeding with sex
  • Discharge and/or odor from vaginal area
  • Burning with urination
  • Fever


  • Abstinence from ALL sexual activity (Oral, vaginal, anal) is the only 100% way to prevent an STD that can lead to PID. STD’s are spread by contact of skin, blood or body fluids.
  • Condom usage during all sexual encounters for the entire duration of genital contact will reduce the spread of a STD. Condoms are available for men and women as well as dental dams for oral sex.
  • Refrain from using drugs and/or alcohol in sexual situations.
  • Avoid douching
  • Limit number of sexual partners
  • Have STD testing at least yearly or more often depending on risk of sexual behaviors

When to see a provider:

If you have any concerns or show signs and symptoms that are listed above, call to schedule an appointment as soon as possible in the Women’s Health Clinic for a pelvic exam by a provider. The sooner infections are detected and treated, the better your prognosis for preventing PID.