Chlamydia

Chlamydia

What is Chlamydia?

  • Chlamydia is a very common bacterial infection that you can get from sexual contact with another person and is easily cured with an antibiotic medicine.

Transmission:

  • Contact with mucous membranes during sexual contact with the penis, vagina, mouth or anus
  • Contact with infected person’s semen or secretions from vagina or anus
  • NOT transmitted through casual contact such as handshakes, hugs or toilet seats
  • Mother can transmit infection to baby during childbirth

Symptoms:

  • Sometimes called the silent STD because many people are asymptomatic (show no symptoms)
  • Women and/or those with female genitalia may have pelvic pain, aching or heavy feeling in the pelvic area, heavy or abnormal menstrual bleeding, vaginal discharge, pain with urination and/or pain or bleeding with intercourse. If left untreated, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) could develop possibly causing fertility problems.
  • Men and/or those with male genitalia may experience penile discharge, pain with urination, scrotal pain and/or pain with ejaculation. If left untreated, may lead to scarring of the urethra or infection of the epididymis.
  • Performing oral sex with an infected partner may result in transmission of chlamydia to or from the throat. Symptoms may include sore throat but is often asymptomatic.

Treatment:

If you feel that you have symptoms or have had a known exposure to an infected partner, schedule an appointment with a provider as soon as possible for testing and treatment. Females should schedule an appointment in the Women’s Health Clinic if symptoms are present so that a pelvic exam can be completed. Males should schedule appointments in the Medical Clinic. Testing may be done through a urine sample and/or a swab. Chlamydia can be easily treated with antibiotics prescribed by a provider. Sexual partners should also be treated to prevent reinfection.

Prevention:

  • Abstinence from ALL sexual activity (Oral, vaginal, anal) is the only 100% way to prevent an STD. STD’s are spread by contact of skin, blood or body fluids. This includes kissing.
  • Condom usage during all sexual encounters for the entire duration of genital contact will reduce the spread of a STD. Condoms are available for men and women as well as dental dams for oral sex.
  • Refrain from using drugs and/or alcohol in sexual situations.

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