Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a neurological condition that affects some children, and a percentage of these children continue to exhibit symptoms as adults. Symptoms can noticeably affect academic achievement and include:

  1. Problems with attention, including difficulty sustaining attention (e.g. being easily distractible) and problems with shifting attention from one thing to another (moving from one task to the next). A person with ADHD is often excited to begin new things, like semesters or projects, but ends up losing that enthusiasm and, often, has difficulty finishing.
  2. Impulsivity, which is basically acting without thinking. This might include speaking unwisely or interrupting regularly, spending money without thought, and taking physical risks without even being aware of the dangers. A person with ADHD is much more spontaneous than planful.
  3. Procrastination. Rushing at the last minute is found to be a tool for motivating work.
  4. Disorganization, including losing things, forgetting things (meetings, assignments, tools needed for a task). Time management can be a challenge.
  5. Hyperactivity, which may or may not be present. In adults, this might be manifested as difficulty staying seated for long periods when expected to (e.g. class or other meeting, movies), physical restlessness, and sleep problems.

There are on-line symptom checklists which suggest that a person has ADHD if he or she has a certain number of symptoms. However, because the symptoms of ADHD can be caused by various types of life issues and are actually experienced by many people to some extent, a sound assessment is much more thorough and is performed by a trained professional.

Resource Links